Concerns about AI’s impact have increased in the last year as a result of advances in systems such as ChatGPT, which is already being widely used in the workplace.
Generative AI systems, which are capable of rapidly processing and generating text and images, are already shaking up the job market by leading to fewer opportunities for freelance copywriters and illustrators.
The DfE said its report showed that the education system and employers alike would have to adapt to provide more training as existing jobs are disrupted.
It assessed each category of job to provide an “AI occupational exposure” score assessing how vulnerable they were, both to large language models (LLM) such as ChatGPT and to AI more generally.
Members of the clergy were ranked 36th most susceptible to AI in general and 13th to LLMs.
The report said it did not distinguish between jobs that were likely to be aided by AI and those that were likely to be replaced, and that it was based on a “number of uncertain assumptions”.
Telephone salespeople, solicitors and psychologists topped the list of those exposed to LLMs, while consultants, finance workers and accountants were most vulnerable to AI in general.
Manual jobs such as forklift drivers, sports players and roofers were among those least likely to be affected.
The report also found that workers in London and the South East were the most exposed to the impact of AI, with those in the North East least susceptible. People with higher levels of education were more exposed than those with lower level qualifications.
Economists had expected educated, white-collar workers to be the least exposed to the rise of AI before the arrival of ChatGPT, which has reversed assumptions about what jobs are vulnerable.
The DfE said: “The report illustrates how the education system and employers will need to adapt to ensure the workforce has the skills necessary to benefit from this emerging technology.”